Chapter

Nietzsche’s Naturalism and Normativity

Richard Schacht

in Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199583676
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191745294 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583676.003.0010
Nietzsche’s Naturalism and Normativity

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This chapter argues that Nietzsche is a kind of philosophical naturalist, for whom normativity (along with all other human phenomena) must be reconceived naturalistically — but that his naturalism is not a ‘scientistic’ one. His naturalism insists upon the mundanely developmental origins of everything human, but recognizes the historically and culturally emergent character of much of that development. It further involves conceiving much of human reality in terms of forms of life and the sensibilities associated with them — to the comprehension of which (it is argued) the various natural sciences and other Wissenschaften (cognitive disciplines) modeled upon them may contribute but cannot do justice. It is then argued that the conception of normativity suggested by Nietzsche's ‘naturalization of morality,’ and for which there is both room and need in his kind of naturalism, is one that situates and reconceives normativity within this human context.

Keywords: culture; human; development; emergence; forms of life; historicality; naturalism; natural science(s); scientism; sensibilities

Chapter.  10477 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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