On Some Properties of Criterial Freezing

Luigi Rizzi

in The Complementizer Phase

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780199584352
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191594526 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics

                      On Some Properties of Criterial Freezing

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  • Semantics
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This chapter first examines the factors that render moved A′‐elements in the vicinity of C inert for further movement operations. Topic and Focus heads in the Complementiser Field are reconceived as criterial positions and a Criterion is formulated as a requirement for these heads to probe the derivation for a suitable goal in order to establish a Spec‐Head relation with it. In such a configuration, the goal is frozen into place once it has entered into a Spec‐Head relation with the criterial head. Extending the above to subjects, an independent Subject ‘criterial’ category with nominal properties, which expresses aboutness is posited. Although the constituent that satisfies the criterion, freezes into place and cannot undergo further movement, subconstituents from within may be subextracted, such as complements or adjuncts from within a subject.

Keywords: criterion; freezing; Subject; chain; aboutness; subextraction; topic; focus

Chapter.  6084 words. 

Subjects: Semantics ; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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