Chapter

The rise and fall of alignments

Adam Ledgeway

in From Latin to Romance

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199584376
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584376.003.0007

Series: Oxford Studies in Diachronic and Historical Linguistics

The rise and fall of alignments

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This chapter discusses a number of core changes in the transition from Latin to Romance, in relation to an ongoing and as of yet unresolved conflict between two competing alignments in the marking of arguments. It shows that, in the passage from Latin to Romance there has been, to some extent, a largely still unresolved oscillation between two coexistent morphosyntactic alignments. Starting from a largely nominative/accusative orientation, most robustly attested in the nominal system, there is considerable evidence to suggest that Latin and subsequently Romance increasingly developed a series of novel active/stative splits at the level of the verbal group, the sentence, and ultimately the nominal group.

Keywords: classical Latin; modern Romance; morphosyntax; nominal group; verbal group; sentence

Chapter.  14259 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics

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