Chapter

Higher education and graduate employment: the importance of occupational specificity in Germany and Britain

Kathrin Leuze

in Converging Worlds of Welfare?

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584499
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728792 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584499.003.0012

Series: Creating Sustainable Growth In Europe

Higher education and graduate employment: the importance of occupational specificity in Germany and Britain

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In comparative research on the transition from vocational education and training (VET) to work it is well known that the occupational specificity of VET systems influences how easily young people find work. Two basic types of institutional contexts are distinguished: coordinated market economies like Germany depend on high occupational specialization, while liberal market economies like Britain rely on more general skills. Chapter 12 investigates whether these distinct institutional arrangements also exist on the level of higher education. It asks how the occupational specialization of the content of study shapes graduates employment in Germany and Britain. Results indicate that the higher occupational specialization of the content of study in Germany leads to a tighter match between higher education credentials and occupational outcomes than in Britain. Yet, large within-country differences are found as well, pointing to the fact that occupational specialization varies both across fields of study and across countries.

Keywords: higher education; employment; occupational specialization; varieties of Capitalism; Germany; Britain

Chapter.  8844 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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