European Resource Use and Resource Productivity in a Global Context

Stefan Giljum, Christian Lutz, Ariane Jungnitz, Martin Bruckner and Friedrich Hinterberger

in Environmental Tax Reform (ETR)

Published in print April 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584505
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725012 | DOI:

Series: Creating Sustainable Growth In Europe

European Resource Use and Resource Productivity in a Global Context

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Europe's economy is to a significant and growing degree dependent on imports of natural resources from other world regions. While the overall level of resource use in Europe has stabilized in the past 20 years, a shift of the environmental burden through international trade can be observed, with growing physical imports and associated indirect material flows and increasing substitution of domestic material extraction, in particular with regard to fossil fuels and metal ores. Based on the results of a new trade-material flow model, this chapter analyses the physical dimension of European trade relations with other world regions and the implications for EU policies aiming to increase resource productivity.

Keywords: environmental burden; natural resources; resource productivity; trade

Chapter.  6406 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics

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