Chapter

Concepts and Origins

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584734
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731105 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0004
Concepts and Origins

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This chapter searches for the proximate cause of chambers over 1760-1800. It reviews the discourse on ‘chambers’, how this linked with reassessing the trading relationships with the colonies, and how it interfaced with existing lobby mechanisms, including American agents. It analyses how a new ‘discourse coalition’ emerged supporting ‘reform’, and how this worked with the opposition, and the Rockingham, Shelburne, and Pitt administrations. It focuses on the role of American unrest leading to rebellion; how this was articulated through American merchants in New York, Boston, and Charleston; and how localities in Britain and Ireland responded. New analysis of the Stamp Act, Wilkes, and other petitions demonstrates how key participants became leading forces behind the early chambers on both sides of the Atlantic. Entirely new information on the first Liverpool, Manchester, and other early chambers is developed. Responses in Jersey, Guernsey, and Quebec echo the general pattern. Early chamber leaders are shown to be pro-reform, but treading an uneasy path between attacking the government and resisting revolution.

Keywords: Contention; reform; Stamp Act; John Wilkes; Coercion and concessions in America; American Revolution; American agents; American debt; Atlantic trade; discourse coalitions; General Chamber of Manufacturers

Chapter.  40281 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Business History

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