Recognition and Public Status

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584734
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731105 | DOI:
Recognition and Public Status

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As voluntary bodies in Britain, Ireland, and America, chambers rely on the receptiveness of government. Public law systems, such as those in Europe, have automatic access, but lack independence of voice. This chapter analyses how chambers have tried to enhance their right to be heard: initially through charters and incorporation, then seeking to achieve a formal status in government consultations. Some advocates also called for public law chambers, from the earliest days; this led to a destructive internal debate in the 1980s. In modern times involvement in government contracts, and a chamber Act to protect title in 1999 have achieved many of the former aims. A separate track, for chambers to have a formal legal status as commercial arbitrators through tribunals of commerce achieved notable success in the 1880s, but the impact was limited by lawyers. This chapter presents the first detailed analysis of these developments.

Keywords: Tribunals of commerce; commercial arbitration; public law chambers; government consultation; lobbying; interest representation; incorporation; charters; Common Law Procedure Act (1854); Arbitration Act (1889)

Chapter.  20702 words. 

Subjects: Business History

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