Chapter

National Voice and Local Voice

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584734
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731105 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0008
National Voice and Local Voice

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This chapter provides the first overview of how tensions between local chambers and national bodies were resolved. Early initiatives were a Union of Chambers, the General Chamber of Manufacturers, and agents in London. The National association for chambers of commerce, established in 1860, was replicated in the chambers of trade, trade protection societies, etc.; and in Ireland in 1923. The chapter shows that these associations were slow to settle down, with many major chambers not joining, and Liverpool prominently leaving after one year. Detailed analysis shows the clash of local independence with attempts to enforce a common view. Tensions continue to the present. The chapter analyses the tussles and different plans. Efforts by the association to improve local chambers have often been resisted; but after 1990 an accreditation and benchmarking system in the UK has been successful, and copied in Ireland and Canada.

Keywords: National association; localism; central-local relations; performance benchmarking; London political agents; Board of Trade

Chapter.  40957 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Business History

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