Chapter

Early Chamber Voice

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199584734
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731105 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0009
Early Chamber Voice

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This chapter is a radical reappraisal of the earlier academic literature. It shows the breadth, persistence, and impact of early chamber lobbies, with a strongly developing set of locally independent voices in Liverpool, Manchester, Glasgow, Dublin, etc. They were important in Treaty negotiations, American debt compensation (Jay Treaty), over lighthouses, the post office, East India Company charter, and many other matters. The chapter reviews these developments, and the Union of chamber which formed in 1793. It analyses lobbies by all the early major chambers showing how North ‘s and Pitt's governments were influenced. The chapter also covers the short-lived General Chamber of Manufacturers. It demonstrates that the demise of that chamber was due more to personalities than economic tensions, and to an unworkable structure trying to relate national and local voices. Contrary to earlier academic opinion, it had little relation to, or effect on, the independent chambers.

Keywords: General Chamber of Manufacturers; Eden Treaty (1786); Irish Propositions; Younger Pitt; William Eden; Jay Treaty; Smalls lighthouse; Spanish Treaty; lobby; East India Company; Board of Trade

Chapter.  26692 words. 

Subjects: Business History

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