Chapter

Inequality and Poverty in Africa in an Era of Globalization: Looking Beyond Income to Health and Education

David E. Sahn and Stephen D. Younger

in The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199584758
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191594533 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0013

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Inequality and Poverty in Africa in an Era of Globalization: Looking Beyond Income to Health and Education

Show Summary Details

Preview

This chapter describes changes over the past 15–20 years in non‐income measures of well‐being—education and health—in Africa. We expected to find, as we did in Latin America, that progress in the provision of public services and the focus of public spending in the social sector would contribute to declining poverty and inequality in health and education, even in an environment of stagnant or worsening levels of income poverty. Unfortunately, our results indicate that, in the area of health, little progress is being made in terms of reducing pre‐school age‐stunting, a clear manifestation of poor overall health. Likewise, our health inequality measure showed that while there were a few instances of reduced inequality along this dimension, there was, on balance, little evidence of success in improving equality of outcomes. Similar results were found in our examination of underweight women as an indicator of general current health status of adults. With regard to education, the story is somewhat more positive. However, the overall picture gives little cause for complacency or optimism that Africa has reaped, or will soon reap the potential benefits of the process of globalization.

Keywords: Africa; education; health; well‐being

Chapter.  10099 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.