Chapter

Establishment

J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199585502
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723148 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585502.003.0004
Establishment

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This chapter surveys the establishment of parliament in Henry III's middle years. It shows how Henry III's need for taxes, and the corresponding need for consent to taxation, raised the status of parliament and promoted parliamentary debate—a novelty—through the questioning and criticism of the king's demands. Running parallel with this process was the emergence of the word ‘parliament’ as the normal word for national councils and the emergence of Westminster as parliament's regular meeting place. The crown's demands also brought the lesser landholders to parliament with a new frequency, leading to the first election of shire knights in 1254. Bishops, barons, and knights came together to form a parliamentary community which, like the Anglo‐Saxon witan, could speak for the wider ‘community of the realm’.

Keywords: Henry III; Westminster; taxation; knights; consent; community of the realm; parliament

Chapter.  34565 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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