J. R. Maddicott

in The Origins of the English Parliament, 924-1327

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199585502
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723148 | DOI:

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This chapter assesses the impact of the baronial reform movement of 1258–65 on the development of parliament. It argues that the reforming barons saw parliament as a public forum and the appropriate setting for political decision‐making. The extensive legislative programme through which reform was enacted also served to establish parliament as the proper venue for large‐scale legislation, foreshadowing the parliamentary legislation of Edward I. In another major development the knights whose support was needed by Simon de Montfort, the reformers' leader, began to play a central part in parliamentary business, not in consenting to taxation, as hitherto, but in general discussion of political matters. Although the reforming enterprise was overthrown in 1265, Henry III continued the reformers' policy of working through parliament and continued too to respect the newfound place of the knights in parliamentary life.

Keywords: reform; legislation; knights of the shire; Simon de Montfort; Henry III; political decision‐making

Chapter.  19531 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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