Chapter

Varieties of Semi-Presidentialism and Democratic Survival

Robert Elgie

in Semi-Presidentialism

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199585984
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191729003 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585984.003.0003

Series: Comparative Politics

Varieties of Semi-Presidentialism and Democratic Survival

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The first part of this chapter identifies the set of semi-presidential democracies since 1919 so that their performance can be evaluated. The second section provides some descriptive statistics to show both that there is prima facie evidence that president-parliamentary democracies have been more likely to collapse than premier-presidential democracies and that this is the case even when controlling for the endogenous selection of institutional structures. A controlled statistical test of the relative performance of the two subtypes of semi-presidential democracies is then conducted, using a Cox proportional hazards model that was developed by Petra Schleiter. The results show unequivocally that concerns about the perils of president-parliamentarism are empirically justified.

Keywords: semi-presidentialism; democracies; democratic survival; democratic collapse; Cox proportional hazards model

Chapter.  10519 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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