Chapter

Gender equity issues in evolutionary perspective

Bobbi S Low

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print November 2011 | ISBN: 9780199586073
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731358 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0009
Gender equity issues in evolutionary perspective

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As men’s and women’s work and social roles have converged in modern times, questions of gender equity arise: Are women promoted as promptly as comparable men? Paid as well? Here I examine men’s and women’s roles, and the sexual division of labour, first across traditional societies, where divisions of labour are common often do not “favour” either sex. In sexual matters, however, men tend to control and dominate women in traditional societies. In modern nation-states, men’s and women’s opportunities range from essentially indistinguishable (several Scandinavian countries) to favouring men strongly. The level of Human Development Index, calculated by the UNDP, allows calculation of relative equality, both in general social issues, and in political and economic realms; it is strongly correlated with gender equity. In addition, when a major religion exists (i.e., when more than 55% of people are regarded as being of one religions persuasion), large differences can arise.

Keywords: sex differences; sexual equality; gender issues; gender equality

Chapter.  9669 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Psychology

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