Chapter

Knowledge in Recent Epistemology: Some Problems

Alan Millar

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780199586264
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191723360 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0005
Knowledge in Recent Epistemology: Some Problems

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This chapter argues that there is a tension — the central tension — between the assumption that knowledge admits of reductive conceptual analysis along traditional lines and the roles that knowledge and thinking about knowledge plays in our lives. While an analysis of knowledge should reflect the logical role of the concept, the prospects for providing a reductive analysis that meets this desideratum are dim. The chapter explores two further clusters of problems for the traditional ways of theorising about knowledge: the problem of making sense of how strong evidence must be for justification that satisfies the justification requirement for knowledge; and the problem of making sense of a justification requirement for some modes of knowledge. It explains why the discussion has placed such emphasis on concepts and conceptual enquiry. It indicates the way forward is indicated and outlines the construction of an epistemology that avoids the problems.

Keywords: conceptive analysis; epistemology; evidence; justification; knowledge

Chapter.  11239 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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