Chapter

The biomedical uses of the body: lessons from the history of human rights and dignity

Y. Michael Barilan

in Human Tissue Research

Published in print March 2011 | ISBN: 9780199587551
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725630 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587551.003.0001
The biomedical uses of the body: lessons from the history of human rights and dignity

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This chapter argues that human body parts that are detached from a living body cannot be protected by natural human rights. The reason for this is the absence of a real-time link between personal will and the embodied person. However, the ethics of human rights and dignity may bring important lessons to the ethics of using human tissues and remains. Firstly, human tissues are never morally value-free. They may be used only for specific culturally valuable purposes and only in the absence of reasonable substitutes. Secondly, the appropriation of human remains requires some form of consent or endorsement as well, since the human body and body parts are never ‘found objects’, to be exploited at will. Thirdly, dead bodies or tissues are always of concern to humanity. Possession of human tissues and human remains may imply elements of property rights (legal immunity from dispossession) but only in a manner commensurable with human dignity as a public value.

Keywords: anatomy; human tissues; human rights; human dignity; autonomy; post-mortem interests

Chapter.  7128 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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