The Omani Tribes in Basra

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199588268
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595400 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

The Omani Tribes in Basra

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This chapter pursues the fortunes of the Azd and other ‘Gulf’ tribes in the Fârs campaign and then in Basra, their role in the Battle of the Camel, and the formation of the Azd khums. Misapprehension concerning the term Azd 'Umân has distorted this early history: all the Azd in Basra were Omani but there was a wave of new migrants, essentially bedu (who may well have been excluded by 'Uthmân) at the end of Mu'âwiya's reign and these new migrants played a crucial role in events in Basra at the start of the second civil war. Basra was now threatened by the Azâriqa, Khawârij extremists, and was saved by al–Muhallab, whose family were not originally of Omani ashrâf origins, but military leaders. This marked the real rise in Omani fortunes as Muhallab and his son Yazid received governorships of enormous dimensions and inevitably a growing determination of Hajjaj to break the powers of the great Yamani leaders, the Kindi al–Ash'ath from Kufa and Yazîd b. al–Muhallab al–Azdi from Basra.

Keywords: Fârs campaign; Basra; Battle of Camel; Azd; Azâriqa; Muhallab

Chapter.  15083 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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