The Propagation of Ibâḍism from Basra

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199588268
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595400 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

The Propagation of Ibâḍism from Basra

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This chapter starts with a failed attempt to set up an Ibâḍi state in Oman at the very start of the 'Abbasid period, and the resulting feud with the Julandâ. It continues with a study of how Ibâḍism was diffused from Basra through the Hajj, merchant and tribal networks, missionary activities, and the written word (important for the Maghrib). It then considers two fundamental concepts, walâya, the cement binding the community through association with God; and its opposite barâ'a, dissociation. The fundamental dogmas and schisms with which it dissociates are then examined, notably Mu'tazilism, the Qadariyya, Murji'a, and Khawârij (now a pejorative term), and a major internal schism, that of the Shu'aybiyya which had wide ramifications in that of the Nukkarites in North Africa, as also the breakaway of the Yemen community. The chapter concludes with a brief historical survey of Ibâḍism in North Africa and establishing the Rustamid Imamate at Tahert.

Keywords: Julandâ b. Mas'ûd; Walâya; barâ'a; Mu'tazilism; Qadariyya; Murji'a; Shu'aybiyya; Nukkarites; Tahert Imamate

Chapter.  14269 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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