Chapter

Civil War and Aftermath

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199588268
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595400 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.003.0011

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

Civil War and Aftermath

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This chapter analyses the causes of the civil war sparked off by the deposing of Imam al–Salt in 272/886 and which ended up with the collapse of the First Imamate in a Caliphate invasion. It was not really Yaman versus Nizâr conflict, but an increasing marginalization of the northern tribes in manoeuvres over power and patronage in the Imamate system. The actual deposing and replacement of the Imam led to a growing dispute between the so-called Rustâq and Nizwâ parties, which is examined and shown as less to do with politics than principles in the early days of its formulation by Abû Sa'îd al–Kudami and Ibn Baraka. An attempt is made to resolve the confusion over dating events and personalities involved in the complex relationship between interior Oman and the occupying powers on the coast (Saffarids, Bûyids, Qarâmita and their Omani vassals) in the ensuing period, to understand how the (Second) major Imamate was re-established, Rustâq party dogma declared official, causing the Hadrami Imam Abû Ishâq Ibrâhîm b. al–Qays to break away as well as finally alienating the northern Omanis.

Keywords: Omani civil war; Rustâq; Nizwâ; Bûyids; Qarâmita; Imams; Imamate; Abû Sa'îd al–Kudami; Ibn Baraka; Hadramawt

Chapter.  19606 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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