John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199588268
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595400 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs


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This chapter considers the changes resulting from these events as they affected Ibâḍi theory concerning types of Imam, the principle of one Imam in a misr, permitted behaviour towards occupying powers, and what is permitted in warfare against the jabâbira and ahl al–baghi (tyrants and renegades). It continues with a survey of the evolution of Ibâḍi fiqh during this period, the concern with recovering and recording past records (taqyîd) into hifz and jawâmi', culminating in works like the Musannaf and Bayân al–Shar', and with it abandonment of the old peculiarly Ibâḍi form of siyar literature. In the process, Ibâḍism opened itself to developments elsewhere in the Islamic world, notably Sunni norms: analysis of Omani, Maghribi, and Hadrami contemporary literature shows how hadîth were absorbed into the âthâr of the community but without the accompanying isnâd scholarship. The key figures of the period as well as their literature are surveyed. The chapter concludes with a preliminary discussion of the last main figure of the 5/11th century, al–'Awtabi.

Keywords: jabâbira; ahl al–baghi; Imâm; Sunni norms; Siyar literature; fiqh; Hadîth; Al–'Awtabi

Chapter.  16345 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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