The 6/12<sup>th</sup> Century

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199588268
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595400 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Oriental Monographs

The 6/12th Century

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This chapter attempts to reconstruct the even more fragmentary history of the 6/12th century, with intermittent Imams and increasing regional dislocation, the end of Ibâḍism in Hadramawt, the rise of the Nabâhina whose origins are reconsidered, the start of a major incursion of 'Amiri tribes from Bahrayn which was to shift the whole political geography of northern Oman in the ensuing centuries; likewise a major reorientation of Indian Ocean trade with the rise of the Red Sea–Mediterranean axis and expansion of Muslim colonization on the East African coast and a consequent shift of the Omani entrepôt to Qalhât in conjunction with the establishment of Hormuzi power. Yet despite this century being the prelude to Oman's ‘Dark Ages’, it was an era of very active Ibâḍi scholarship and even missionary activities, including a re-conversion of Kilwa which was celebrated by the last major figure treated in this book, al–Qalhâti.

Keywords: Nabâhina; Indian Ocean trade; Sohar; Qalhât-Hormuz; tribal structure; Kilwa; Hadramawt; al–Qalhâti

Chapter.  8401 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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