Chapter

Material and Change‐Related Features of a Natural Form's Essence

Michail Peramatzis

in Priority in Aristotle's Metaphysics

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199588350
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728877 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588350.003.0006

Series: Oxford Aristotle Studies Series

Material and Change‐Related Features of a Natural Form's Essence

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Chapter 6 asks how material and change‐related items function as parts of a natural form's essence, and for what reason their presence is indispensable. It shows that both matter and change are included in a form's essence on the basis of Aristotelian arguments for the necessary mutual entailment between these two notions. Further, it addresses a type of objection which seeks to eliminate matter from a form's essence by grasping it solely in terms of potentiality for change or even by reference to formal, functional or telic features alone. Against this view it is argued that material parts which are identified in this ‘rarefied’ or ‘hyper‐formalist’ fashion could not (uniquely) ground or explain the natural sorts of change that specific types of compound are capable of. Rather, the material features intrinsic to natural form are robust or substantive, perceptible and constituent types of material characteristic.

Keywords: matter; change; essence; form; elimination of matter; potentiality for change; function; Telic features; perceptible matter; constituent matter

Chapter.  16690 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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