Chapter

Conclusion: Further Problems and Some Suggestions

Michail Peramatzis

in Priority in Aristotle's Metaphysics

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199588350
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728877 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588350.003.0014

Series: Oxford Aristotle Studies Series

Conclusion: Further Problems and Some Suggestions

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It is concluded that in Aristotle's view there is a ‘match’ between the levels of definition and reality. Just as the definition of an essence or form, F, is the account of what it is to be F, correspondingly, ontological priority in the sense of [PIB] is the real counterpart to definitional priority. The crucial notion behind definitional priority is that of being defined in terms of some more basic concept. Analogously, the idea underlying [PIB] is that an ontologically basic entity is the fundamental part of what it is to be a posterior entity: for it makes an entity of this type what it is. Further problems are examined, including the relation between the concept of substancehood and that of priority, the notion of parthood involved in talk of ‘parts’ of a form's essence, the debate of ‘universal versus particular form’ and the relation between essentialist and modal accounts of priority.

Keywords: definition and reality; essence; form; definitional priority; ontological priority; substancehood; parthood; parts of essence; universal form; particular form; essentialism; modality

Chapter.  5902 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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