Chapter

Economic Vulnerability and Multiple Deprivation: Welfare State and Social Class Variation

Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

in Poverty and Deprivation in Europe

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199588435
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731327 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588435.003.0008
Economic Vulnerability and Multiple Deprivation: Welfare State and Social Class Variation

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This chapter explores further the possibilities afforded by the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions data set to implement a multidimensional approach to the measurement of social exclusion. It begins by discussing the concept of social exclusion and how it relates to the notion of ‘vulnerability’, conceptualized as insecurity and exposure to risk and shocks. It then goes on to an empirical investigation of vulnerability by applying the statistical techniques of latent class analysis to indicators of household low income, life-style deprivation, and subjective economic stress in a manner described in Section 8.3. The patterning of vulnerability at national, welfare regime, and European levels is examined in Sections 8.4 and 8.5. Section 8.6 examines how vulnerability is associated with wider patterns of multidimensional deprivation, while Section 8.7 summarizes key conclusions.

Keywords: living conditions; social exclusion; latent class analysis; household low income; life-style deprivation; economic stress; welfare regime

Chapter.  12899 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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