The Dynamics of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Vulnerability

Brian Nolan and Christopher T. Whelan

in Poverty and Deprivation in Europe

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199588435
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731327 | DOI:
The Dynamics of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Vulnerability

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Recent studies of poverty dynamics have shown the importance of taking measurement errors into account and employing explicit models of poverty dynamics. This chapter applies such approaches to statistical modelling of the dynamics of economic vulnerability. The results show that an economically vulnerable class can be identified across nations and time, and that cross-national differences in the persistence of vulnerability are wider than for income poverty and deprivation, and less affected by measurement error. Economic vulnerability profiles vary across welfare regimes in a manner consistent with theoretical expectations. The implications are fundamental: the emergence of new forms of social risk and efforts by welfare states to shift responsibility to the individual do not mean that factors such as social class have become less important in determining key socio-economic outcomes.

Keywords: poverty dynamics; measurement errors; economic vulnerability; income poverty; deprivation; welfare regimes; social risk; social class

Chapter.  12187 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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