Chapter

The <i>Julian Romance</i>

Philip Wood

in ‘We have no king but Christ’

Published in print December 2010 | ISBN: 9780199588497
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595424 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588497.003.0006

Series: Oxford Studies in Byzantium

The Julian Romance

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The final three chapters examine the disparate ways in which Edessene and Suryoyo identities evolved in the course of the Christological controversies of the fifth and sixth centuries. This chapter discusses the Edessene Julian Romance, a hagiographical history written in the sixth century about the fourth‐century reign of Julian the apostate. Unlike the Doctrina, this text presents Edessa as the donation of Constantine to Christ, and expresses Edessa's special position in much more Roman terms. In this text, the history ofJulian's reign is invoked to undermine Edessa's sixth‐ century opponents, Antioch and Constantinople and to assert the conditional nature of imperial authority. If Edessa belonged to Christ, then the emperor's right to the allegiance of the city depended on his orthodoxy, lest the city be rules by ‘a friend of the Jews’.

Keywords: Julian Romance; Edessa; Miaphysite; Antioch; Constantinople; Rome; Jews; Harran

Chapter.  12070 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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