Chapter

Institutions and Justice

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199588855
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738586 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0002
Institutions and Justice

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This chapter recounts the justifications for the institutional approach, arguing in particular that an institutional focus allows for a way of balancing the demands of justice and the legitimate demands of personal life. The argument is not simply that institutions affect persons’ life prospects profoundly and pervasively from the start. More importantly, it stresses that an exclusive focus on institutions preserves space for individuals to engage in meaningful and valuable personal pursuits. On the reasonable presumption of value pluralism, the institutional approach provides the most plausible demarcation of the site of equality.

Keywords: institutions; basic structure; distributive justice; egalitarianism; value pluralism; personal pursuits; incentives; ethos of justice; the difference principle; moral division of labor; John Rawls; G. A. Cohen

Chapter.  13351 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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