The Arbitrariness of Nationality

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199588855
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738586 | DOI:
The Arbitrariness of Nationality

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Chapter 7 examines objections against extending luck egalitarian considerations to the global domain. These are objections that even if nationality is arbitrary, and that the aim of egalitarian justice is to mitigate arbitrary influences on persons’ life options, it is not obvious that global egalitarianism will be the result. It considers, specifically, recent arguments by David Miller, who argues that the fact that nationality is arbitrary does mean that it is morally irrelevant and has to be factored out; and Andrea Sangiovanni, who argues that mitigating for national arbitrariness need not imply global egalitarianism, since a further argument is needed to establish global egalitarianism as the default global distributive pattern.

Keywords: global justice; cosmopolitanism; global egalitarianism; luck egalitarianism; arbitrariness and justice; social cooperation; egalitarian default; David Miller; Andrea Sangiovanni

Chapter.  5571 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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