This introductory chapter presents a summary of the book's argument, a definition of ‘calendar’, an account of the scope of the work, a survey of the sources, a discussion of methodology, and a brief review of the literature. A substantial section surveys and critically assesses a number of assumptions, models, and theoretical approaches that have been commonly, but not very convincingly, used in the study of ancient calendars: for example, the assumption that calendars were products of technical or scientific knowledge, the dual model of ‘civil’ and ‘religious’ calendars, and theories of evolutionism, functionalism, and cultural relativism.
Keywords: calendar; methodology; theory; ancient calendars evolutionism; functionalism; cultural relativism
Chapter. 10172 words.
Subjects: Classical History
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