Chapter

1548–1553: Aftermath

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will

Published in print July 2010 | ISBN: 9780199589487
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191594588 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0010

Series: Oxford Theological Monographs

1548–1553: Aftermath

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In the aftermath of the Protestant loss of the Schmalkaldic War, Melanchthon was faced with new challenges—including fielding energetic attacks from Matthias Flacius Illyricus. Another challenge included attempting to continue to be a key support to evangelical churches. To this end, he wrote the Saxon Confession (1551), which also served as a rebuttal to the Council of Trent. The Examination of Ordinands (1552, German edition) followed, along with a fourth edition of the Loci communes (1553). Melanchthon was coming under increasing attack from Protestants and Catholics alike, and in 1551–2, as a result of the Bolsec Affair, Calvin publicly distanced himself from Melanchthon. Nevertheless, Melanchthon continued to promote his doctrine of evangelical free will—limited freedom in choosing to trust in Christ, followed by forensic justification.

Keywords: Matthias Flacius Illyricus; Saxon confession; examination of ordinands; Loci communes; John Calvin

Chapter.  13517 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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