Chapter

The Reductive Theory

Paul Faulkner

in Knowledge on Trust

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199589784
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725517 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589784.003.0002
The Reductive Theory

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According to the reductive theory of testimony, an audience must possess reasons for testimonial uptake. And testimonial knowledge and warrant are inductive in nature. This chapter considers how the reductive theory can respond to the problem that we have a limited ability to observe the truth of testimony. And it defines reductive theories by the response given to this problem. In doing so it outlines the theories of Peter Lipton, Elizabeth Fricker, and Jennifer Lackey.

Keywords: testimony; epistemology; knowledge; warrant; reductive theory; internalism; externalism; David Hume; Peter Lipton; Elizabeth Fricker; Jennifer Lackey

Chapter.  10396 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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