Chapter

The Romance Imperative, Irregular Morphology, Syncretism, and the Morphome

Andrew Swearingen

in Morphological Autonomy

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780199589982
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191728884 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589982.003.0007
                             The Romance Imperative, Irregular Morphology, Syncretism, and the Morphome

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Following Aronoff's (1994) account of exclusively morphological, or ‘morphomic’, patterns in language, a number of such patterns have been documented in Romance language verb paradigms. This chapter explores whether the 2sg imperative can be considered part of a morphome known as the N‐pattern (Maiden 2005), or, alternatively, whether syncretism with the 3sg present indicative within the N‐pattern overrides such membership. Evidence of recurring morphological irregularity in certain 2sg imperatives across Romance raises questions about the status of the imperative within the verb paradigm more generally, and suggests that it may be more independent than otherwise thought.

Keywords: imperative; syncretism; verb paradigm; sound change; analogical extension

Chapter.  6229 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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