Chapter

John Bull's Other Island<sup>1</sup>

Catriona Pennell

in A Kingdom United

Published in print March 2012 | ISBN: 9780199590582
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738777 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590582.003.0007
John Bull's Other Island1

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When the British government declared war on Germany, the Ulster unionist and Irish nationalist paramilitary organizations faced each other warily, while the British troops in Ireland had demonstrated that they were not prepared to enforce the wishes of their government. Whilst in Britain the labour and suffragette movements had agreed to suspend their causes temporarily and rally behind the national effort for the duration of the war, such loyalty was not guaranteed in Ireland. Would civil war still erupt? Would mobilized paramilitaries lay down their arms? Would Germany replace Britain as the enemy for nationalists? How would nationalist Ireland respond to Britain's rally‐cry to unite behind the war effort? Ultimately, this chapter examines how unified the United Kingdom of Britain and Ireland was in the late summer and autumn of 1914.

Keywords: Ireland; unionists; nationalists; politics; outbreak; solidarity; violence; recruitment; domestic peace; unity

Chapter.  17960 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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