Portugal: From Broad Strategic Pacts to Policy-Specific Agreements

Maria da Paz Campos Lima and Reinhard Naumann

in Social Pacts in Europe

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199590742
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191728891 | DOI:
Portugal: From Broad Strategic Pacts to Policy-Specific Agreements

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Chapter 7 assesses the Portuguese experience. Over the last twenty-five years, Portugal has produced seventeen tripartite social pacts that have varied in terms of signatories, scope, and the effectiveness of enforcement. With the exception of the 2002–5 social democratic–conservative coalition, all types of government, left and right, majority and minority, have launched pacts. This leads the authors to conclude that perhaps more so than elsewhere Portuguese governments need to exploit institutional resources beyond the political system to organize consent. This particularity is explained in large part by the existence of a strong and orthodox Communist Party and its ongoing influence over the largest trade union, the CGTP. As for other countries studied in this book, the emergence and development of social pacts in Portugal occurred without the normal neo-corporatist preconditions, and their absence—especially the vertical and horizontal articulation of industrial relations—has compromised social pact implementation.

Keywords: social pacts; Portugal; neo-corporatist preconditions; Communist Party; organization of consent

Chapter.  12742 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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