Duns Scotus on Two Types of Transubstantiation

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199591053
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595554 | DOI:
Duns Scotus on Two Types of Transubstantiation

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Scotus finds Giles' ‘improvements’ on Aquinas metaphysically tangled. This chapter examines Scotus' critique and his own fresh definitions: productive transubstantiation (extant substance S1 wholly ceases to exist, whereupon S2 wholly comes into existence for the first time) and translative transubstantiation (whole substance S1 is first here [at P] and then not here [at P], while whole substance S2 is first not here [at P] and then here [at P]). What happens on the altar is a case of translative transubstantiation. Scotus emphasizes that translative transubstantiation is thus logically independent of the bread's ceasing to exist. Pace Aquinas, the non-existence of the altar bread is neither metaphysically nor physically required for the Body of Christ to be newly located there.

Keywords: Giles; Scotus; transubstantiation; altar; bread; Body

Chapter.  6020 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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