Chapter

Remodelling With Ockham

Marilyn McCord Adams

in Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist

Published in print October 2010 | ISBN: 9780199591053
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595554 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591053.003.0008
Remodelling With Ockham

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Aquinas treats quantity as the reified accident to which it essentially pertains to be divided into distinct parts at a distance from one another. Quantity thus explains the divisibility of matter and mediates the relation of substances and qualities to place. This chapter examines Ockham's moves to deconstruct Aquinas' picture and to expose reified quantity as an explanatory fifth wheel. It also explores the implications of Ockham's own view that material substances are divided into parts in and of themselves, and that their parts are present to place (if at all) immediately. Like Scotus, Ockham defends the metaphysical possibility of the multiple location as well as the definitive location of bodies. Ockham maintains that Christ's Body is on eucharistic altars definitively, and further contends that — since presence and proximity are key for Aristotelian causal exposure — definitive placement will mean the presence of all the parts at each place and lead to more causal exposure than circumscriptive placement would.

Keywords: Aquinas; matter; Ockham; parts; multiple location; definitive location

Chapter.  10427 words. 

Subjects: Christian Theology

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