Chapter

The OECD as Ideas Diffuser: The Growth of the Global Biotechnology Industry

Monique Centrone

in Mechanisms of OECD Governance

Published in print September 2010 | ISBN: 9780199591145
Published online September 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191594601 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591145.003.0011
The OECD as Ideas Diffuser: The Growth of the Global Biotechnology Industry

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Chapter 11 deals with the OECD and biotechnology. The OECD has taken a clear lead in the industry's development. It has done so by generating an industry discourse starting in 1980. The chapter addresses the role of the OECD in the historical construction of the concept of biotechnology. After having observed developments in biology in several western nations during the 1970s, the OECD started to promote a new vision of the industry as an enabling technology, one that had the power to create long‐term economic growth. This was considered an important response to the problem of global economic decline during that period. In consideration of the political and scientific conversation surrounding the term biotechnology, this chapter evaluates the discursive work that provided a new biotechnology framework and how it legitimized national investments and policies that helped to build the industry.

Keywords: OECD; environmental policy; biotechnology; social construction; frame analysis; discourse analysis; enabling‐technology

Chapter.  9655 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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