Chapter

New Jerusalems and Pilgrimage to the East before 1100

Matthew Gabriele

in An Empire of Memory

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199591442
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725128 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591442.003.0004
New Jerusalems and Pilgrimage to the East before 1100

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Chapter 3 steps backwards to think about the role Jerusalem has played in Latin Christianity. Quickly moving through the first centuries, the chapter then focuses on the anagogical and literal/historical understandings of the city. The seeds of eleventh-century devotion to Jerusalem in the West were sown in preceding centuries. But something did change after c.1000. At that time, the number of pilgrimages to the East grew exponentially and, for the first time, large groups of ecclesiastics and aristocrats began to travel together. This new development, however, was not evolutionary and nothing in Western devotion to Jerusalem suggests that the spirituality of the First Crusade was inevitable.

Keywords: Jerusalem; pilgrimage; eleventh century; architecture; exegesis; year 1000

Chapter.  12281 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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