Chapter

Anatomy and physiology

Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Second edition

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199591763
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191739149 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0002

Series: Supportive Care Series

Anatomy and physiology

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This chapter is intended to be an aide-memoire for the reader who wishes to be reminded of the normal state of the respiratory system before considering a particular symptom or condition. Descriptions refer principally to the adult lung. The basic features apply to children, but the dimensions and normal values are different. Topics discussed include ribcage, respiratory muscles, and respiratory ‘pump’; pleura, pleural space, and pleural fluid; airways; lymph; integration; airway resistance; pulmonary gas exchange; regulation of breathing; breathing during exercise; obesity; lung defence mechanisms; and lung inflammation.

Keywords: respiratory system; lungs; pleura; airways; lymph; pulmonary gas exchange; breathing; obesity; lung defence mechanisms; lung inflammation

Chapter.  5645 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Palliative Medicine

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