France: integration versus dualization

Daniel Clegg

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199592296
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731471 | DOI:
France: integration versus dualization

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The chapter documents the conflict between two competing policy logics in recent French unemployment protection policy. Up until the 2000s, policy development followed a dualizing logic, reinforcing protection for those with longer work records prior to unemployment while relegating others to less generous alternative provisions. Driven by the gradual extension of an emphasis on activation that germinated on the social assistance margins of the unemployment benefit system, though, since the new millennium, significant reforms have been implemented that partially reconnect and synchronize provisions for different groups in the unemployed population. While the interests of powerful actors and their institutionalized role in French unemployment protection policy ensures that dualistic tendencies remain important, they therefore find themselves increasingly challenged by integrative reform dynamics. Though France is some way from having a fully integrated benefit-and-service system for the unemployed, in the last decade it has taken important steps in this direction.

Keywords: unemployment protection; France; dualization; integration; activation; social partners; incremental change

Chapter.  9469 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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