Chapter

The Netherlands: two tiers for all

Marcel Hoogenboom

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment

Published in print October 2011 | ISBN: 9780199592296
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731471 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0005
The Netherlands: two tiers for all

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In the Netherlands, the reforms in unemployment provision of the past three decades amount to a levelling of rights and statuses within a still two-tier unemployment provision system. On the one hand, unemployment insurance, which until the mid-1980s was only open to some categories of employees, has been opened up for the large majority of the dependent labour force. On the other hand, since regulations of unemployment insurance have been tightened and benefits duration limited, the risk of dependence on flat-rate and means-tested social assistance has become a reality for the large majority of Dutch employees too. The result is a system that combines Bismarckian and Beveridgean features, and is now composed of a relatively short-term, wage-replacing insurance and a flat-rate social assistance scheme that is open to nearly all employees, increasingly funded through taxation rather than contributions, and run almost exclusively by central state institutions.

Keywords: The Netherlands; unemployment insurance; social assistance; activation; administrative integration

Chapter.  11315 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Political Economy

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