Chapter

Law and Religion in a Secular Europe<sup>1</sup>

Dr Lorenzo Zucca

in A Secular Europe

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199592784
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191738906 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592784.003.0010
Law and Religion in a Secular Europe1

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It is possible to distinguish between state secularism and European secularism. The two are intertwined but not completely overlapping. On one hand, state secularism remains concerned with the relationship between church and state. Each European state presents its own brand of separation or establishment, which should be respected to a great extent by European institutions as the product of discrete constitutional histories. On the other hand, European secularism should be concerned with the protection of diversity across Europe. First, it should protect diversity between member states and this is perfectly compatible with the idea of having many different conceptions of secularism at the state level. Secondly, it should promote diversity within member states: thus state secularism cannot suppress religious diversity or support one religion above all others in a way that stifles the presence of other religions.

Keywords: state secularism; European secularism; models of law and religion; a secular Europe

Chapter.  3397 words. 

Subjects: Constitutional and Administrative Law

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