Chapter

Debates and terms (1705–1707, 1799–1801)

Alvin Jackson

in The Two Unions

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199593996
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731419 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593996.003.0004
Debates and terms (1705–1707, 1799–1801)

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This chapter focuses on the immediate explanations for the passage and shape of the two union measures. While issues of management and corruption have dominated the popular perspective on union, both in Scotland but particularly in Ireland, the architecture of the two measures was also carefully crafted with a view to attracting support. The Acts of Union achieved in 1707 and 1801 were in practice not so much about the union of parliaments, as about the incorporation of the Scots and Irish legislatures within those of England and Great Britain. Each union passed because each carefully addressed the concerns of some key existing interests, and indeed this has given rise to the charge that, whatever their ostensible novelty or radicalism, the unions were fundamentally ‘reactionary’ enterprises.

Keywords: Scotland; Ireland; parliaments; Irish union; Scottish union; legislature; England; Great Britain

Chapter.  11821 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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