Critique of European Scholarship

Vera Tolz

in Russia's Own Orient

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780199594443
Published online May 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191725067 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Modern European History

Critique of European Scholarship

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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Analyses the critique of European scholarship of the ‘Orient’ articulated by Rozen's disciples between the 1890s and the late 1920s, putting this critique in a wider European context. The chapter identifies conditions specific to Russia which allowed its scholars to radicalize further the anti-Eurocentric trends visible in West European academia. The chapter shows that Said's work on Orientalism was indebted—via Arab intellectuals of the 1960s, who studied in the Soviet Union—to the critique of European Orientology by such figures as Ol'denburg and Marr. As a case study of the particularly radical revisionism in early twentieth-century Russian Orientology, the chapter analyses the critique of European studies of Buddhism which we find in the works by Shcherbatskoi and his disciples. It is argued that their assessment of the shortcoming of the studies of Buddhism in Europe anticipated by almost half a century similar conclusions by Western Buddhologists

Keywords: radical revisionism; Shcherbatskoi; Rozen; anti-Eurocentric trends; Buddhology; postcolonialism

Chapter.  12462 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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