Chapter

Europe Othered, Europe Enlisted, Europe Possessed

Xenophon A. Yataganas and George Pagoulatos

in European Stories

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199594627
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595738 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594627.003.0010
Europe Othered, Europe Enlisted, Europe Possessed

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George Pagoulatos and Xenophon Yataganas argue that the prevalent European story among Greek public intellectuals has equated Europe with progress, identifying the country's modernization challenge with catching up with Europe. Consequently, pro‐European supranationalism has been the most vocal opposition pole of the debate, struggling against a long tradition of cultural gravitation towards Eastern Orthodoxy, ethnocentrism, a nostalgic communitarian vision of the past, a “culture of the underdog”, or the statist/national school of thought. The independence versus integration divide has been the most salient one in the Greek public intellectual debate. Such ideological polarization, however, has been mitigated by the emergence of a “third pole” of transnationalism which was given impetus by the increasing complexity and mishaps of the European integration project, and especially the disenchantment following the rejection of the European Constitutional Treaty. This transnational school of thought is gathering pace among Greek intellectuals who are principally European scholars.

Keywords: ethnocentrism; transnationalism; modernization; Eastern Orthodoxy; communitarianism

Chapter.  8796 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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