Chapter

Integrating domain-general and domain-specific developmental processes: Cross-syndrome, cross-domain dynamics

Ann Steele, Janice Brown and Gaia Scerif

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan

Published in print December 2011 | ISBN: 9780199594818
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191738166 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0079

Series: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Integrating domain-general and domain-specific developmental processes: Cross-syndrome, cross-domain dynamics

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This chapter asks novel questions of old and new data, aiming to elucidate the relationships between attention, language, and number early in the development of people with Williams syndrome (WS). In order to understand better whether these cross-domain relations are specific to WS, it raises these questions with respect to infants with WS, and compares them with infants with Down syndrome (DS) and with typically developing (TD) children. It also asks how attentional processes relate to precursors of literacy and numeracy in older children with WS or DS and in TD children, to assess potentially changing relationships across domain-general and domain-specific processes over developmental time. In addition, it contrasts the attentional profile of WS to that of another neurodevelopmental disorder of known genetic origin, fragile X syndrome, to illustrate insights that can be gained from cross-syndrome comparisons.

Keywords: attention; language; numeracy; literacy; Williams syndrome; downs syndrome; typically developing children; fragile X syndrome

Chapter.  10543 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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