Chapter

The Metaphysical Unity of Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility

Published in print November 2010 | ISBN: 9780199594931
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191595745 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0004
The Metaphysical Unity of Natural Philosophy

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The chapter explores the collapse of mechanism and the competition between Newton's and Leibniz's non‐mechanistic models of physical explanation; the relation between Leibniz's metaphysics and his dynamics; and the different interpretations that Newton and Leibniz placed on calculus. Among the issues in the philosophy of mathematics raised is Leibniz's ‘black‐box’ interpretation of calculus.

Keywords: Gottfried Leibniz; Isaac Newton; metaphysics; dynamics; calculus; philosophy of mathematics

Chapter.  26672 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Science

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