Dissociation Data

Peter Carruthers

in The Opacity of Mind

Published in print September 2011 | ISBN: 9780199596195
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191731549 | DOI:
Dissociation Data

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This chapter examines one of the main predictions made by all forms of inner sense theory. This is that there should exist dissociations between capacities for self-knowledge and for other-knowledge, in one or both directions. The interpretive sensory-access (ISA) theory, in contrast, predicts an absence of dissociations, since it holds that there is just one metarepresentational faculty with a single mode of access to the domain of mental states. Evidence from schizophrenia, autism, and alexithymia (blindness to one's own emotions) is examined. In addition, the chapter inquires whether brain imaging data show any difference between the regions of the brain that process one's own mental states and the regions involved when one attributes mental states to other people.

Keywords: alexithymia; autism; brain image; dissociation; fMRI; metacognition; mindreading; passivity; schizophrenia; self-knowledge

Chapter.  16182 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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