Chapter

Environmental Policy in the Joint-Decision Trap?

Katharina Holzinger

in The EU's Decision Traps

Published in print May 2011 | ISBN: 9780199596225
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191729140 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596225.003.0007
Environmental Policy in the Joint-Decision Trap?

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The EU began its environmental policy in the early 1970s, long before its legal base was introduced into the Treaty in 1987. Unanimous decision-making and the consultation procedure applied until 1987, only gradually substituted by qualified majority voting and the co-decision procedure. The level of conflict over environmental proposals was often high among member states and in the supranational institutions. Nevertheless, more than 500 legislative acts had been adopted by 2008. These were not only concerned with the creation of the internal market (negative integration) but often established ambitious goals to overcome environmental problems and correct market failures (positive integration). The chapter demonstrates how member states and supranational institutions succeeded in escaping the joint-decision trap through the effective employment of techniques for avoiding deadlock.

Keywords: environmental policy; internal market; positive integration; negative integration; joint-decision trap

Chapter.  8537 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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