Chapter

Overcoming self-report: Possibilities and limitations of brain imaging in psychiatry

David Linden

in I Know What You're Thinking

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199596492
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191745669 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0010
Overcoming self-report: Possibilities and limitations of brain imaging in psychiatry

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The main techniques of functional neuroimaging and the application of multivariate pattern analysis for ‘brain reading’ can be applied to psychiatric questions in the following main ways: to ascertain the presence of particular mental states/symptoms; to find neural indicators of personality traits or abnormal behaviours; and to aid in the diagnosis and prognosis of mental illness. This chapter presents examples of these applications of modern neuroimaging techniques and discusses the potential inferences that can be drawn from the imaging results. This is followed by a section on the general limitation of imaging techniques in the verification of psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses, and an exposition of the issues of ethics and privacy that these developments may bring up.

Keywords: neuroimaging; multivariate pattern analysis; brain reading; ethics; privacy

Chapter.  6246 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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